If you have resources then you can go to the teacher help section of this website. You will find pages there that will go through each letter of the alphabet and has ideas for each subject for you to be able to teach phonics, sight words, beginning math and more.
If you don’t have many resources such as children’s books, then go to the ABC units on this website. Each unit has everything you will need to teach a specific letter. It has books to download, worksheets, audio, teacher helps etc. You can spend about a week on each letter, and by the end of the year your child will have the basics to start kindergarten.
Beginning books are usually eight pages long. My books match that format, but mine are designed to be printed double sided, then cut down the center and across the center, put a staple in the corner, and you have a book for a child to read. They are cheaper because you don’t have to pay a publisher for the printing and binding. I also deliberately want the books to be read by as many children as possible. I kept the prices down so that that can happen.
Books are designed to introduce vocabulary, the stories us the words from the book that the child learned in sentence form to make a story. The stories add in sight words to the phonics patterns that will be learned in the books.
In the teacher help section, are some free downloads that will help with this. The sheets have make believe words for each of the phonics skills, if your child can read those words, then they know that concept. If they can’t read the make believe words for “ai” for example, so go to the long vowels section and find “ai” activities. There will be a book with “ai” words, and a story based on those words, a word list game, and worksheet to help teach that word chunk.
In the teacher help section is the free download test for you to learn what your student knows, and what you need to teach. These tests are based on make believe words, if your student can read these words, then they know that consonant. The child may know p and pr, but not ph. Download the “ph” activities and you will have all you need to teach that concept. It will have a book, story, word list game, worksheet etc.
Sight words are color words, and number words etc. Some of these can be sounded out, but often that doesn’t work, like the word one. These activities can be found under reading in sight words. They have books, stories, worksheets and more to help you teach them.
Listening is difficult for most children, so make it fun. Under the reading section is listening skills. These are about 1 ½ page stories for the teacher to read, or you can use the audio that comes with the unit. The stories are about two fairies, Giggle and Sparkle, and the adventures they have together. They are fun, and children love the imaginative situations that the fairies get into. They come with a worksheet that helps the child to listen. The child circles words that they hear in the story. The stories are letter stories, so they have a lot of words that begin with specific letters, so they teach beginning sounds at the same time. These stories also have a story for the child to read that is the same general ideas, but at their reading level.
The concept of numbers can be very abstract. Under the math section on the website, you can download worksheets, books, and stories that can help teach number recognition. These will match one with 1, and other activities to help the child realize what the word one means. The worksheets work through the numbers 1-20.
Under the math section you will find worksheets to teach beginning addition and subtraction. There are also advanced worksheets to increase speed by timing the speed a child can do the problems. The timed worksheets should start at 5 minutes, then work their way down to eventually be able to do the worksheet in 1 minute. I suggest that the child does the worksheet once, then timed again doing the same sheet. It helps the child to start thinking math, so they can do the worksheet faster.
When the child knows the basic phonics sounds for each letter, they need to start putting the letters together to make words. I would start with short vowels, then do vowel teams. These are easiest for the child to learn in patterns, i.e.: cat, hat, bat. Under reading and short vowels you will find units to teach the basic word chunks. These include books, stories, worksheets, and word list games. There are also activities on r-controlled vowels, vowel teams, consonants, consonant blends, diagraphs and more. Everything to teach phonics and sight words.